Col. McIntosh’s Grave


Daniel Newnan McIntosh

 

     Daniel Newnan McIntosh was born on September 20, 1822, almost certainly at his father’s plantation, Lochau Talofau (Acorn Bluff), located in what is now Carroll County, Georgia, the second son of Chief (and General) William McIntosh, a man of Scottish-Creek ancestry and his second wife, a part Cherokee woman, Susannah Ree.   Chief McIntosh was assassinated at his plantation in 1825 by fellow Creeks for his part in signing the Treaty of Indian Springs, illegally ceding Creek land without approval of the Creek Council. 

    
     The Chief’s oldest son, William Chillicothe McIntosh or Chilly as he is generally known, Daniel’s much older half-brother, led family members and the late chief’s followers, usually called McIntosh Creeks, to Indian Territory in 1828.  The party landed at Fort Gibson and eventually settled on land located between the Verdigris and Grand rivers.   Daniel’s mother sent him to Smith Institute in Kentucky for his education. 

    
     McIntosh was a signatory of the Creek Treaty of 1856, the treaty that gave the Seminoles part of the Creek land for a home.   Before the War, he served as a member of the House of Warriors, the lower house of the Creek Council and as clerk of the Council of the Lower Creeks.

 

     During the War of Southern Independence, the Creek Nation was divided more or less along the lines of the historic Lower and Upper Creek factions.  The McIntosh Creeks were Lower Creeks who mostly sided with the Confederacy.   The 1st Creek Mounted Rifles was organized on August 19, 1861, and the men elected Daniel McIntosh their colonel and Samuel Checote, lieutenant colonel. The regiment participated in the battles of Round Mountain, Chusto-Talasah (Caving Banks), Chustenahlah (Shoal Creek), Pea Ridge, Arkansas, Old Fort Wayne, Honey Springs and the Second Battle of Cabin Creek.  All the battles except Pea Ridge were in Indian Territory.   

 

     After the War, Col. McIntosh represented the Creek Nation in the peace negotiations, signing the Creek Treaty of 1866.  He served frequently as a tribal delegate to Washington, DC.  

 

     He later settled on a farm near the small town of Fame, located in modern McIntosh County.  He was a farmer and stockman and a Baptist preacher.  He was a member of the House of Warriors and served on the Creek Supreme Court. 

 

    Col. McIntosh died at age seventy-three at his farm near Fame on April 10, 1896.  He is buried in Fame Cemetery.